trance


trance
   Trance music belongs to the genre of electronically produced sound. Its immediate predecessors include techno (circa 1990), ambient wave (circa 1990), breakbeat (comprising jungle and drum ‘n’ bass, 1991–7) and initially acid house. The latter broke onto the dance scene in the UK in 1988 and fundamentally altered club culture; indeed it was the beginnings of a major cultural explosion, giving rise to raves and wild house mutations. By the end of 1990, a fusion of American and European house and techno styles was innovated, forming new substyles which included trance and ambient under the general heading of global house nation. Trance music gained ground around 1994 and provided an alternative to the rawer beats of house and extremities of techno where tracks can exceed 1,000 bpm. Trance music thus probably originated as a counteraction to hardcore techno and identified itself more with ambient, the latter being an atmospheric sound with softer rhythms and restrained noise levels. Hardcore trance and techno are related by the bass beat, with trance having a more moderate melodic sound. From 1994 onwards a new type of sound appeared, known as tribal music: it was the sound between hardcore techno and ambient.
   Trance also produced its own sub-genres. Hardtrance, with a faster rhythm, is the popular version played on the club scene; Café Del Mar, for example, is a highly popular trance club in Ibiza. Trancecore is a mixture of trance and hardcore. Goa trance, also known as psychedelic trance, is a more dynamic, deeper and ethno-based version which gained popularity in 1996–7. The name originates from the holiday resort in India, where DJs initially began producing and playing this more ethno-based variant. It involves a complex intermixing of synthetic and kaleidoscopic sound, with a steady 4/4 beat underlying a whirling assembly of analog sounds. A more popular division of trance music has been that of dreamhouse, which incorporates swelling piano arrangements inducing a more peaceful state of mind in the listener: the artist Robert Miles’s track ‘Children’, which reached number one in most European countries, is an example of dreamhouse. Since the dawn and increasing popularity of electronic music, coupled with widespread psychoactive experimentation, the age of the dance ‘bands’ with instruments in the traditional sense has given way to the new age of the sampler and technology in the production of sound. However, trance music in particular has seen a revival in the ideologies of the late 1960s and early 1970s, but this time with an incorporation of a distinctly technological agenda. Trance music is more than merely intertwined arpeggiated sixteenth-notes and one-note chords as is often perceived: hardtrance is arguably small nuances in the arrangements around a repeating rhythm, and thus seems to be designed to induce the listener/dancer into a ‘trance’ due to its repetitive nature. Yet, the softer, ambient trance is a more contemplative, meditative mix using musical structures with sounds from the electronic wavestation as well as Aztec flutes, bells and African drums. Although this more sombient sound is also electronically derived, its hypnotic sound would more aptly be described as moodseducing music enhancing an altered state of consciousness. If ambient trance is perceived as music for the ‘mind and soul’, the club version is its counterpart for ‘mind, body and soul’. As trance music is an abstract construct rather than actual instruments, it has been able to be simultaneously energetic yet sedate, either using an insistent rhythmic pulse to hypnotize into a ‘trance’ or a free-floating languidity to ‘en-trance’: either way the music gives expression to a sound which crosses listening genre boundaries and provides a blend of cross-cultural fusions.
   See also: hip hop; rave culture
   MIRIAM MOKAL

Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture . . 2014.

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  • Trance — denotes a variety of processes, techniques, modalities and states of mind, awareness and consciousness. Trance states may occur involuntarily and unbidden.The term trance may be associated with meditation, magic, flow, and prayer. It may also be… …   Wikipedia

  • Trance — Trance, n. [F. transe fright, in OF. also, trance or swoon, fr. transir to chill, benumb, to be chilled, to shiver, OF. also, to die, L. transire to pass over, go over, pass away, cease; trans across, over + ire to go; cf. L. transitus a passing… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • trance — sueño profundo anormal, de naturaleza histérica que puede ser inducido por el hipnotismo. [ICD 10: F44.3 ] Catalepsia Diccionario ilustrado de Términos Médicos.. Alvaro Galiano. 2010. trance 1. estado similar al sueño caracteri …   Diccionario médico

  • trance — [tra:ns US træns] n [Date: 1300 1400; : Old French; Origin: transe, from transir to pass away, become unconscious , from Latin transire; TRANSIENT1] 1.) a state in which you behave as if you were asleep but are still able to hear and understand… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Trance — Sf std. (20. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus ne. trance aus afrz. transe Verscheiden, Angstzustand ; dieses zu afrz. transir verscheiden, vor Kälte starr sein usw. , aus l. trānsīre hinübergehen .    Ebenso nndl. trance, ne. trance, nfrz. transe,… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • trance — (Del fr. transe, de transir, y este del lat. transīre). 1. m. Momento crítico y decisivo por el que pasa alguien. 2. Último estado o tiempo de la vida, próximo a la muerte. Último trance. [m6]Trance postrero, mortal. 3. Estado en que un médium… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Trance — Trance, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Tranced}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Trancing}.] 1. To entrance. [1913 Webster] And three I left him tranced. Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. To pass over or across; to traverse. [Poetic] [1913 Webster] Trance the world over. Beau. &… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • trance — [ træns ] noun 1. ) count usually singular a state caused by HYPNOSIS in which someone can move and speak but is not conscious in a normal way: put someone in/into a trance: Her psychiatrist put her into a deep hypnotic trance. a ) a state in… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • trance — ► NOUN 1) a half conscious state characterized by an absence of response to external stimuli, typically as induced by hypnosis. 2) a state of inattention. 3) (also trance music) a type of electronic dance music characterized by hypnotic rhythms.… …   English terms dictionary

  • Trance — Trance, v. i. To pass; to travel. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English